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Consortium members

Aqua Concorde Water Analysis and Water Technology Ltd

Experienced in surface water treatment and in developing monitors for the heavy metal content as well as in coordination of projects, this small enterprise will be the coordinator of the MOKKA project, keeping contact with the professional leader of the project, the participants and with the The National Office for Research and Technology. The consortium members asked dr. Katalin Gruiz, associate professor of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics to be the professional leader of MOKKA.

Aquaq Concorde developed a number of monitors to be used in water treatment and and water analysis based on patented principles. In MOKKA it will develop a portable instrument for in situ measuring the pH, EC, redox potential and temperature to be used under field conditions.

The instrument based on soil - detector direct contact represents a marked advance compared to the present art, because it can characterise the conditions under the actual moisture content providing information on the soil and on the changes during the soil treatments.

Budapest University of Technology and Economics

The Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology group of BME has conducted mainly biotechnological and environmental research during the last 30 years. The group has done pioneer work in Hungary in the following fields:

  1. Research and development in soil remediation covering remediation of soils and sediments polluted by organic and inorganic contaminants. An in situ bioremediation technology was patented already in the 1980-ies. The proven, efficient, simple and cheap technology has not found its way in Hungary ever since, due to the existence of an unbridgeable gap, the "Death Valley", bridging of which is one of the aims of this proposal.
  2. The main line of research is development of cost-efficient integrated technologies through exploitation and intensification of natural risk reduction processes. Thorough study of the soil "black box" enables identification and elimination of the bottlenecks of a remediation technology. The soil remediation research focuses on all soil phases, two-phase soil, three-phase soil, physical-chemical and biological methods, ex situ and in situ treatment technologies, pre-remediation works and post remediation tasks. Complex risk management, cost efficiency and cost-benefit assessment and risk communication are completing the technological tasks. The activities cover research, development, practical application and education levels.
  3. The methodology and application of general and site-specific Quantitative Risk Assessment is a chemical engineering based environmental management tool.. The connected European Decrees were issued in 1994. The Directives in 1996 put the scientific basis for the above. BME's research group has dealt with the subject since 1994 and within an international project in 1996 initiated detailed research in this field, focussed mainly on generation of environmental quality criteria (standard limit values), assessment of polluted areas and determination of the target values for remediation. The results of this research and knowledge were used in the 33/2000 Government Decree in reference to soils and in its supporting guide and interpretation documents.

Environmental toxicological tests on whole soil and development of integrated methodologies for characterisation of soils and monitoring of remediation technologies, called Soil Testing Triad. Characterisation of polluted soil by physical-chemical methods is biased and its results are less realistic, therefore they have to be supplemented by the study of the soil ecosystem and effect of pollutants. BME's environmental microbiology group started development of such methods since 1990. In addition to publications, a book has been issued "Environmental Toxicology", that includes the basics and practice.


Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences is the scientific centre for soil science, agricultural chemistry and soil biology in Hungary. The institute was established in 1949. The activity of the Institute is closely related to the international research trends, what is indicated by the intensive participation in international projects and programmes. The Institute is responsible primarily for fundamental researches, however its role in applied research and development is also significant and it is increasing.

The researches of the Institute elaborate the scientific fundament of sustainable development, what has a high priority not only for the agriculture but also for the environment:

  1. Harmonisation of the ecological conditions and plant needs. Development of scientifically based, rational plant nutrition.
  2. Conservation of the precipitation in soils.
  3. Characterisation of soil degradation processes (water and wind erosion, acidification, salinization, structure deterioration, biological degradation) and their efficient control.
  4. Characterisation, prevention and reduction of soil contamination and its unfavourable environmental consequences.
  5. Characterisation and conservation of the soil-ecosystem and soil resources. The role of microorganisms in soil processes under various natural and environmental conditions.
  6. Simulation of the processes in the soil - plant - atmosphere system.

The Institute intends to transfer some scientific research results into practice in this project.


Integrated with the Hungarian Hydrological Service established in 1886 and supported by hydraulic, hydro-machinery, hydro-chemical, hydro-biological and soil mechanical laboratories; equipment, instrumentation and computer facilities, VITUKI has emerged as one of the most complex water-oriented full-service professional organisations in Europe.

VITUKI will perform the analysis and statistical evaluation concerning the characteristiccontaminants using thhe KARINFO Hungarian databas. It ensures the contact between the KARINFO and MOKKA. In the frame of the National Clean-up Programme VITUKI will perform the analysis of the monitoring results based on ecotoxicity testing with special emphasis on potential sources of contamination and clean up monitoring.


VITUKI CONSULT will utilize its 13-year of experience and the many decades of working experience of its lead experts in the MOKKA project to carry out remediation, modelling and informatics related tasks. Literature reviews will be enhanced by the professional knowledge and connections of VITUKI CONSULT; modelling experiences (1-D, 2-D, unsaturated zone and other diffuse pollution load models) will promote the assessment of the contaminant mobility; and the IT capabilities will help the dissemination and presentation tasks.

VITUKI CONSULT has been working on the EUGRIS project for 3 years aiming to develop a Europe-wide on-line Portal on contaminated land and groundwater protection. Our tasks include the contribution to the establishment of the Information Management System of the Portal, production of literature and Hungary related digests, and the preparation of a Feasibility Study and an Economic Survey about the long-term operation of the Portal.

VITUKI CONSULT would like to act as a link in the MOKKA project between the developing new Hungarian database and the internet-based dissemination (EUGRIS Portal). Our aim is the integration of the project output (Hungarian databases, information systems) into the European EUGRIS Portal.

CycloLab Cyclodextrin R&D Laboratory Ltd

Cyclolab is especially interested in the application of cyclodextrins. It was recognised in 1992 that cyclodextrins can be used in soil remediation. Cooperating with the team of BUTE and later with that of RISSAC the role of cycodextrin in the biological treatment was studied in the frame of a number of national and international projects. As a result a patent application has been submitted on the cyclodextrinassisted integrated soil technologies. A new HPLC method has been developed for determination of cyclodextrin in the contaminated soil. This method has proved to be useful to follow the biodegradation of cylodextrin in the soil. The results show that even the dervatives of cyclodextrin are degraded in the soil, so these compounds can be used as bioavailability enhanccing agents for acceleration of remediation.

According to the literature the soil extraction by aqueous cyclodextrin solution gives information on the bioavailable fraction of the organic contaminants. In preliminary experiments we used extracion of soil contaminated with mazout by aqueous solutions of various cyclodextrins. In MOKKA we will furthe study this method to select the proper cyclodextrin, to optimise the extraction conditions, to compare the reults with those of the biological tests. We seek the potential appliccation of cyclodextrin in enhancing the sensitivity of the biological tests, too.

In MOKKA CycloLab will participate in the development of the new testing methods characterising the partition between the soil phases. CycloLab will also participate in the development of a new soil remediation technology from bench top ecperiments to the field. CycloLab will provide the laboratory background to the monitoring by physico-chemical methods.

DigiKom Ltd

As most of the Hungarian micro enterprises, DigiKom Ltd. is oriented to many areas. The GIS and informatics area have been reinforced in the recent years, besides the surveying and digitization activities of the beginning. Some employees of DigiKom Ltd. have more-decade university teaching experiences (Faculty of Civil Engineering, BME) that mainly helps the application of new informatics technologies. They have taken part in several research projects. We would like to serve the informatics background of the project for the other consortium members. This is based on our previous informatics, GIS and teaching experiences in the following fields:

  1. WEB site design and maintenance (,,,
  2. Software development based on relational databases (SQL), some districts of Budapest use our program for the registry of building authorities.
  3. Experiences on the field of GIS and relational database publication on the Internet and Intranet. Some districts of Budapest use our application (based on UMN MapServer) to publish their GIS and related relational databases on their Intranet.
  4. Experiences and knowledge base in different relational database management systems (MS SQL Server, Oracle, PostgreSQL, MySQL)
  5. Experiences and knowledge base in different programming languages and development environments (PHP, Java, Javascript, C/C++, Visual Basic, DHTLM)
  6. Expreriences in developing and teaching subjects at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), "Use and creation of Internet application in the engineering practice", "Database management systems", "Computer graphics", "Object oriented GIS programming"

We would like to add database, knowledge based expert system and user interface design and programming to the success of the project.

Association of Environmental Enterprises

The members are environmental servicing companies, consulting firms, engineering offices, producers and distributers of products for environmental protection. Associated members can be research institutes, universities and social organisations. The supporting members are the producer or polluter companies. Now the Association has 286 members: 87 % belongs to environmental companies.

The task of AEE is to make available the information concerning the innovative European ad Hungarian methods and technologies for a broader circle of companies. It will participate in the establishment of the decision support tools and database, in the creation of the criteria to be included im the database. It has a role in the harmonization of the new databse with the relevant European databeses.

AEE will inform the professionals, will potentiate the market for the application of the new methods by organising workshops and conferencies, by establishing user-friendly databases. The dissemination of the international results belongs also to the tasks of AEE.

Professional control: Dr. Katalin Gruiz, BME-ABÉT, 1111 Budapest, Szt. Gellért tér 4, Tel: +36(1)463-2347,
Administrative control: Dr. Éva Fenyvesi, Aqua Concorde, 1145 Budapest, Bosnyák u. 11, Tel: +36(1)347-6075,
Webpage: Dr. Zoltán Siki, DigiKom, 1151 Budapest, Bartók Béla u. 24., Tel: +36(1)230-1092,

Budapest University of Technology and Economics Aqua Concorde Water Analysis and Water Technology Ltd RISSAC VITUKI VITUKI CONSULT Co. Cyclolab DigiKom Ltd Association of Environmental Enterprises TNO environmental technology