Mokka conference presentations
Experienced in surface water treatment and in developing monitors
for the heavy metal content as well as in coordination of projects, this small
enterprise will be the coordinator of the MOKKA project, keeping contact with
the professional leader of the project, the participants and with the The National
Office for Research and Technology. The consortium members asked dr. Katalin
Gruiz, associate professor of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics
to be the professional leader of MOKKA.
Aquaq Concorde developed a number of monitors to be used in
water treatment and and water analysis based on patented principles. In MOKKA
it will develop a portable instrument for in situ measuring the pH, EC, redox
potential and temperature to be used under field conditions.
The instrument based on soil - detector direct contact represents
a marked advance compared to the present art, because it can characterise the
conditions under the actual moisture content providing information on the soil
and on the changes during the soil treatments.
The Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology group of BME
has conducted mainly biotechnological and environmental research during the
last 30 years. The group has done pioneer work in Hungary in the following fields:
- Research and development in soil remediation covering remediation of soils
and sediments polluted by organic and inorganic contaminants. An in situ bioremediation
technology was patented already in the 1980-ies. The proven, efficient, simple
and cheap technology has not found its way in Hungary ever since, due to the
existence of an unbridgeable gap, the "Death Valley", bridging of
which is one of the aims of this proposal.
- The main line of research is development of cost-efficient integrated technologies
through exploitation and intensification of natural risk reduction processes.
Thorough study of the soil "black box" enables identification and
elimination of the bottlenecks of a remediation technology. The soil remediation
research focuses on all soil phases, two-phase soil, three-phase soil, physical-chemical
and biological methods, ex situ and in situ treatment technologies, pre-remediation
works and post remediation tasks. Complex risk management, cost efficiency
and cost-benefit assessment and risk communication are completing the technological
tasks. The activities cover research, development, practical application and
- The methodology and application of general and site-specific Quantitative
Risk Assessment is a chemical engineering based environmental management tool..
The connected European Decrees were issued in 1994. The Directives in 1996
put the scientific basis for the above. BME's research group has dealt with
the subject since 1994 and within an international project in 1996 initiated
detailed research in this field, focussed mainly on generation of environmental
quality criteria (standard limit values), assessment of polluted areas and
determination of the target values for remediation. The results of this research
and knowledge were used in the 33/2000 Government Decree in reference to soils
and in its supporting guide and interpretation documents.
Environmental toxicological tests on whole soil and development
of integrated methodologies for characterisation of soils and monitoring of
remediation technologies, called Soil Testing Triad. Characterisation of polluted
soil by physical-chemical methods is biased and its results are less realistic,
therefore they have to be supplemented by the study of the soil ecosystem and
effect of pollutants. BME's environmental microbiology group started development
of such methods since 1990. In addition to publications, a book has been issued
"Environmental Toxicology", that includes the basics and practice.
Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry
of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences is the scientific centre for soil science,
agricultural chemistry and soil biology in Hungary. The institute was established
in 1949. The activity of the Institute is closely related to the international
research trends, what is indicated by the intensive participation in international
projects and programmes. The Institute is responsible primarily for fundamental
researches, however its role in applied research and development is also significant
and it is increasing.
The researches of the Institute elaborate the scientific fundament
of sustainable development, what has a high priority not only for the agriculture
but also for the environment:
- Harmonisation of the ecological conditions and plant needs. Development
of scientifically based, rational plant nutrition.
- Conservation of the precipitation in soils.
- Characterisation of soil degradation processes (water and wind erosion,
acidification, salinization, structure deterioration, biological degradation)
and their efficient control.
- Characterisation, prevention and reduction of soil contamination and its
unfavourable environmental consequences.
- Characterisation and conservation of the soil-ecosystem and soil resources.
The role of microorganisms in soil processes under various natural and environmental
- Simulation of the processes in the soil - plant - atmosphere system.
The Institute intends to transfer some scientific research
results into practice in this project.
Integrated with the Hungarian Hydrological Service established
in 1886 and supported by hydraulic, hydro-machinery, hydro-chemical, hydro-biological
and soil mechanical laboratories; equipment, instrumentation and computer facilities,
VITUKI has emerged as one of the most complex water-oriented full-service professional
organisations in Europe.
VITUKI will perform the analysis and statistical evaluation
concerning the characteristiccontaminants using thhe KARINFO Hungarian databas.
It ensures the contact between the KARINFO and MOKKA. In the frame of the National
Clean-up Programme VITUKI will perform the analysis of the monitoring results
based on ecotoxicity testing with special emphasis on potential sources of contamination
and clean up monitoring.
VITUKI CONSULT will utilize its 13-year of experience and the
many decades of working experience of its lead experts in the MOKKA project
to carry out remediation, modelling and informatics related tasks. Literature
reviews will be enhanced by the professional knowledge and connections of VITUKI
CONSULT; modelling experiences (1-D, 2-D, unsaturated zone and other diffuse
pollution load models) will promote the assessment of the contaminant mobility;
and the IT capabilities will help the dissemination and presentation tasks.
VITUKI CONSULT has been working on the EUGRIS project for 3
years aiming to develop a Europe-wide on-line Portal on contaminated land and
groundwater protection. Our tasks include the contribution to the establishment
of the Information Management System of the Portal, production of literature
and Hungary related digests, and the preparation of a Feasibility Study and
an Economic Survey about the long-term operation of the Portal.
VITUKI CONSULT would like to act as a link in the MOKKA project
between the developing new Hungarian database and the internet-based dissemination
(EUGRIS Portal). Our aim is the integration of the project output (Hungarian
databases, information systems) into the European EUGRIS Portal.
Cyclolab is especially interested in the application of cyclodextrins.
It was recognised in 1992 that cyclodextrins can be used in soil remediation.
Cooperating with the team of BUTE and later with that of RISSAC the role of
cycodextrin in the biological treatment was studied in the frame of a number
of national and international projects. As a result a patent application has
been submitted on the cyclodextrinassisted integrated soil technologies. A new
HPLC method has been developed for determination of cyclodextrin in the contaminated
soil. This method has proved to be useful to follow the biodegradation of cylodextrin
in the soil. The results show that even the dervatives of cyclodextrin are degraded
in the soil, so these compounds can be used as bioavailability enhanccing agents
for acceleration of remediation.
According to the literature the soil extraction by aqueous
cyclodextrin solution gives information on the bioavailable fraction of the
organic contaminants. In preliminary experiments we used extracion of soil contaminated
with mazout by aqueous solutions of various cyclodextrins. In MOKKA we will
furthe study this method to select the proper cyclodextrin, to optimise the
extraction conditions, to compare the reults with those of the biological tests.
We seek the potential appliccation of cyclodextrin in enhancing the sensitivity
of the biological tests, too.
In MOKKA CycloLab will participate in the development of the
new testing methods characterising the partition between the soil phases. CycloLab
will also participate in the development of a new soil remediation technology
from bench top ecperiments to the field. CycloLab will provide the laboratory
background to the monitoring by physico-chemical methods.
As most of the Hungarian micro enterprises, DigiKom Ltd. is
oriented to many areas. The GIS and informatics area have been reinforced in
the recent years, besides the surveying and digitization activities of the beginning.
Some employees of DigiKom Ltd. have more-decade university teaching experiences
(Faculty of Civil Engineering, BME) that mainly helps the application of new
informatics technologies. They have taken part in several research projects.
We would like to serve the informatics background of the project for the other
consortium members. This is based on our previous informatics, GIS and teaching
experiences in the following fields:
- WEB site design and maintenance (www.digikom.hu, www.agt.bme.hu, www.agt.bme.hu/gita,
- Software development based on relational databases (SQL), some districts
of Budapest use our program for the registry of building authorities.
- Experiences on the field of GIS and relational database publication on
the Internet and Intranet. Some districts of Budapest use our application
(based on UMN MapServer) to publish their GIS and related relational databases
on their Intranet.
- Experiences and knowledge base in different relational database management
systems (MS SQL Server, Oracle, PostgreSQL, MySQL)
- Experiences and knowledge base in different programming languages and development
- Expreriences in developing and teaching subjects at the Budapest University
of Technology and Economics (BME), "Use and creation of Internet application
in the engineering practice", "Database management systems",
"Computer graphics", "Object oriented GIS programming"
We would like to add database, knowledge based expert system
and user interface design and programming to the success of the project.
The members are environmental servicing companies, consulting
firms, engineering offices, producers and distributers of products for environmental
protection. Associated members can be research institutes, universities and
social organisations. The supporting members are the producer or polluter companies.
Now the Association has 286 members: 87 % belongs to environmental companies.
The task of AEE is to make available the information concerning
the innovative European ad Hungarian methods and technologies for a broader
circle of companies. It will participate in the establishment of the decision
support tools and database, in the creation of the criteria to be included im
the database. It has a role in the harmonization of the new databse with the
relevant European databeses.
AEE will inform the professionals, will potentiate the market
for the application of the new methods by organising workshops and conferencies,
by establishing user-friendly databases. The dissemination of the international
results belongs also to the tasks of AEE.