Nádaratási felesleg (Közönséges nád -Phragmites australis)

Data provider

Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science, Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology Group

Organisation/Data provider's nameBudapest University of Technology and Economics, Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science, Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology Group
Name of contact
Dr. Molnár Mónika, Dr. Feigl Viktória
Contact details
Telephone/fax
+36-1-4632347
General information about the waste or by-product
Denomination of the waste or by-productNádaratási felesleg (Közönséges nád -Phragmites australis)
Denomination of the waste or by-product in English
Reed harvest surplus (Common reed - Phragmites australis)
Type of the waste or by-product data-sheet
General characterization
Functional characterisation
Non-hazardous waste from agriculture and forestry
EWC code of waste
  • 02 WASTES FROM AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, AQUACULTURE, FORESTRY, HUNTING AND FISHING, FOOD PREPARATION AND PROCESSING
  • 02 01 wastes from agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
  • 02 01 03 plant-tissue waste
Consistency of the waste or by-product
Solid
Description of the waste generating technology

A nád a magyarországi vizes élőhelyek egyik fő alkotónövénye. Fontos szerepe van a természetes vizek foszfor és nitrogéntartalmának kiszűrésében és eltávolításában. Télen, amikor a gyökérzet (rhizoma) a szárból visszaszívja a tápanyagokat, illetve a felszíni vizek befagyása ezt lehetővé teszi, a nádat learatják. Magyarországon a legnagyobb összefüggő nádasok a Fertő tavon, a Kis-Balatonon és a Velencei tavon találhatóak. A nádaratást novemer 15 és február 15 között lehet végezni.

Is it a hazardous waste?
no
Generated annual tonnage
40 000 t
Dumped tonnage
0 t
Characterisation of the waste as a chemical substance
Blend
Characterisation and concentration of the chemical substances
Chemical substance, Main group|Chemical substance, Subgroup
  • Not a chemical substance
Other type of chemical substance
Cellulóz
Is the contained chemical substance main component, component or contaminant of the waste or by-products / biochar?
Component
Concentration of the chemical in the waste or by-product / biochar
33 %
Other type of chemical substance
Hemicellulóz
Is the contained chemical substance main component, component or contaminant of the waste or by-products / biochar?
Component
Concentration of the chemical in the waste or by-product / biochar
20 %
Other type of chemical substance
Lignin
Is the contained chemical substance main component, component or contaminant of the waste or by-products / biochar?
Component
Concentration of the chemical in the waste or by-product / biochar
25 %
Other type of chemical substance
Hamu
Is the contained chemical substance main component, component or contaminant of the waste or by-products / biochar?
Component
Concentration of the chemical in the waste or by-product / biochar
2 %
Main characteristics of the waste/ by-product
Name of the waste/by-product
Közönséges nád (Phragmites australis)
Components of the waste/by-product

Cellulóz: 33%, Hemicellulóz: 20%, Lignin 25%, hamu: 2%

Physico-chemical properties of the waste or by-product
Dry matter content (%)
80
Ignition loss (LOI) (%)
98
Organic content (%)
95
Total Organic Carbon (mg/l)
46
Pozzolan activity
no
Is this waste or by-product being utilised?
Yes
Utilisation

Magyarországon a nádat tetőfedésre, nádfonatok készítésére használják. A learatott de nem felhasznált mennyiséget elégetik.

Hazards of the waste or by-product
Hazard characteristics
Not classified
Measured harmful effects
No
Suspected harmful effects

Feltehetoen nincs karos hatasa.

Potential utilisation in soil
Would it be suitable for soil reclamation in general?
Yes
Justification, references

Magas szerves anyag tartalmának köszönhetően alkalmas lehet.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it supply nitrogen, phosphorous and/or potassium to the soil?
Yes
Justification, references

Található benne P és N.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it supply mesoelements (Ca, Cl, Fe, Mg, Na, S, Si) to the soil?
No information
Would it supply microelements (B, Co, Cu, Mn, Mo, Zn, V) to the soil?
No information
Would it provide sufficient amounts of special nutrients to the soil?
No
Would it increase the humus/organic matter content of the soil?
Yes
Justification, references

Maga szerves anyag tartalmának köszönhetően hozzájárulhat a szerkezeti humusztartalom növeléséhez.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it suffice as a main component of growing media?
No information
Would it suffice as an additive to growing media?
Yes
Justification, references

Magas szerves anyag tartalma miatt nem elképzelhetetlen ilyen irányú felhasználása.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it improve the structure of compacted soil and/or contribute to soil crumb formation of poorly structured soils?
Yes
Justification, references

Fizikai tulajdonságainak és magas szerves anyag tartalmának köszönhetően nem elképzelhetetlen ilyen irányú felhasználása.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it be suitable for physical stabilisation and/or texture improvement of loose, quagmire soils?
Yes
Justification, references

Fizikai tulajdonságainak és magas szerves anyag tartalmának köszönhetően nem elképzelhetetlen ilyen irányú felhasználása.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it be suitable for amending sandy soils?
Yes
Justification, references

Fizikai tulajdonságainak és magas szerves anyag tartalmának köszönhetően nem elképzelhetetlen ilyen irányú felhasználása.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it be suitable for erosion prevention?
Yes
Justification, references

Fizikai tulajdonságainak és magas szerves anyag tartalmának köszönhetően nem elképzelhetetlen ilyen irányú felhasználása.
Forrás: Ying Zhao, Xinghui Xia, Zhifeng Yang (2013) Growth and nutrient accumulation of Phragmites australis in relation to water level variation and nutrient loadings in a shallow lake, Journal of Environmental Sciences 25(1), pp. 16-25.

Would it be suitable for amending acidic soils?
No information
Would it be suitable for amending saline and sodic soils?
No information
Would it reduce the mobility and availability of the contaminants?
No information
Would it intensify the mobility, availability of the contaminants?
No information
Would it intensify physical, chemical, and/or biological degradation and decomposition of contaminants?
No information
Would it be suitable for production of geotechnical elements?
Yes
Justification, references

http://nrrc.nyme.hu/assets/Megujulo_kompozitok_anyagok.pdf
Nád-cement kompozitokat készítenek belőle.

Other potential utilisation in soil

Biodegradálható.
Hana ©antrùèková, Tomá¹ Picek, Miloslav ©imek, Václav Bauer, Jiøı́ Kopecký, Libor Pechar, Jaroslava Lukavská, Hana Èı́¾ková (2001) Decomposition processes in soil of a healthy and a declining Phragmites australis stand, Aquatic Botany 69(2–4), pp. 217-234.

Risks associated with potential utilisation in soil

Nem ismert.

Properties of the datasheet
Datasheet id (original)
1494
Creator
Fekete-Kertész Ildikó
Status
Verified
Adatlap típusaWaste / by-product survey
Létrehozás2013-08-23
Módosítás2018-06-22